Kozhukattai (Sweet) / Ukadiche Modak

Lord Ganesha’s Favorite Sweet Steamed Dumplings aka Modaks – A Traditional Recipe

Kozhukattai (Sweet) / Ukadiche Modak

Ganesh Chaturthi festival is celebrated all over India and in Mumbai especially, the grandeur of the festival is something else. The whole city comes alive during the 10 days of the festival and people throng to various locations to get a glimpse and seek darshan of their favourite Bappa.

We, like all his ardent devotees, leave no stone unturned to welcome Ganesha at our humble abode for 1.5 days. The 1.5 days at home is no less than a festival which is celebrated admist family and friends. Its all about loads of sweets, food and visiting each others homes to seek the Lord’s Darshan.

If there is one thing that makes me happy in this world immensely besides food – Flowers. People who know me or visit home for Ganpati can vouch for my undying love for flowers. Have some lovely plans for this year and God willing, everyone will love it.

Now when it comes to Lord Ganesha’s favourite sweets, Modaks or steamed dumplings that has the filling of Jaggery and Coconut is the favorite neivedhya or prasad for Bappa (Lord Ganpati). Usually Modaks or Prasad are served in the numbers of 7, 11, 21 (basically odd numbers). Modaks are also made with milk based sweets like khoa (which is basically reduced milk) or with cashew nuts too but nothing beats the original and the traditional version.

I tried to click images of the process that could be really useful for the ones who are trying for the first time but somehow couldn’t manage the same with both my hands tied up in the process of making modaks and Narayan too wasn’t available to help me.

Instead I have tried my best to write a detailed recipe and hope that you find it useful.

Wishing all the readers a very happy Ganesh Chaturthi. May the Lord bless us all.


Recipe for Modaks or Steamed Rice Cakes / Ukadiche Modak – Ganesh Chaturthi Special


Serves – 10 – 12 nos modaks 

For the outer covering –

  1. Rice Flour – 1 cup
  2. Salt – a pinch
  3. Water – 2 cups
  4. Oil – 1 tsp (Sesame oil preferably) + extra 3-4 tsps for greasing etc

For the filling –

  1. Jaggery – ½ cup
  2. Water – ¼ cup
  3. Coconut – 1 cup (grated)
  4. Cardamom powder – ½ tsp
  5. Ghee or clarified butter – 1 tblsp

Method – (for the outer covering)

  1. In a heavy bottom kadhai, add water and let it simmer gently for a few seconds.
  2. Add a pinch of salt and slowly incorporate the rice flour. Ensure the flame is low.
  3. At this stage, be ready with a spatula and continuously mix everything together. Add the oil which helps the dough get less sticky.
  4. You might find some lumps here & there but continue to mix everything together and once you feel the dough has come together, keep the flame on medium to release the steam from the dough.
  5. Mix this rice dough for another 2-3 minutes and switch off the gas.
  6. Spread the dough on a plate and mix few tsps. Of oil and keep aside for 5 mins. Oil is added to ensure the dough doesn’t get dry.
  7. Now once the dough has cooled down slightly, knead the dough nicely with your hands to get a smooth finish on the modaks and to also avoid cracks or opening up while steaming.

Method (for the filling)

  1. In a heavy bottom kadhai, add water and let it gently simmer, add jaggery and mix well until it boils and becomes slightly thick (no thread consistency required).
  2. Add the coconut and ghee and mix it nicely on a medium flame.
  3. Ensure the flame is between medium to low else coconut might burn and so will the jaggery leading to a very bad flavor.
  4. The filling will become nice and thick. Switch off the flame, add cardamom powder and mix well.
  5. Keep this aside for cooling.

 Method for making the modaks

  1. Rub some oil on your palms and place a gooseberry size rice ball on it. Pat it nicely (like a roti) with your fingers and place the coconut and jaggery filling inside.
  2. Cover the same slowly and give it a shape of modak. (Same as making a paratha where you roll out the wheat flour and stuff with filling of your choice)
  3. Follow the same procedure for the rest of the modaks.
  4. Keep rubbing few drops of oil on your palm during the procedure to ensure the modaks don’t crack while filling and don’t turn dry.

Method for steaming the modaks

  1. Keep some water in the steamer. Once ready, place these modaks in a steamer vessel and steam them for atleast 10 mins. Ensure you grease the plates before placing the modaks on them to avoid sticking. You can also place a banana leaf below.
  2. Once the modaks are steamed, allow them to cool completely or partially before removing them from the steamer plate, else it might break.

Notes –

  1. Many people use modak sanchas or moulds to give a proper shape. I somehow prefer to do it by hand for 2 reasons (1) I love doing it since childhood (2) Moulds use more rice flour coating which I don’t prefer. It has to be a thin layer with a decent amount of stuffing so that when you bite into the modak, you experience an amalgamation of flavours and not just the rice dough.
  2. Ensure you grease the steamer moulds well and then place the modak for steaming. I use idli plates at home for steaming as I find it very easy. My cooker is the steamer. I don’t believe in buying many gadgets at home.
  3. Please ensure once the rice dough is prepared & transferred to a plate for cooling, pour some oil all over to ensure the dough doesn’t dry while its being slightly cooled down.
  4. Always ensure the dough is slightly warm when moulding the modaks. Room temperature dough requires more oil and also cracks many times while steaming due to excessive drying.

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Vidya Narayan 

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Vidya Narayan

Hi Everyone, I am Vidya Narayan & Welcome to my blog MasalaChilli. Born in a Traditional Palakkad Iyer (South Indian) Family with strong value systems to an exceptionally strong and independent Single Mom, spent most of my childhood studying well (as most Iyer girls do).

This Post Has 29 Comments

  1. Will try today….

    1. Thank you dear ! I suggest try with a small batch of rice flour. All the best !

  2. Lovely kozhukattai ! Nice to make them by hands!

    1. Oh absolutely. I have been doing this since i was in Std 5 or 6 hence I enjoy the process & detest the use of moulds.

  3. Awesome Post Vidya…Loved it..Pictures are awesome..Happy Ganesh Chaturthi !!

    1. Thanks so much dear for your kind words. Happy Ganesh Chaturthi to you & your family as well.

    1. Thanks a lot dear! I checked out the blog but couldn’t find the recipe, only an image that too a single one! Is it a fairly new blog ?

      1. shall check n do the needful. I just followed the blog from where u responded.

  4. Such a cute yumminess Vidya… lovely !!

  5. Wonderful! one of my favorites during Ganesh festival and even otherwise .

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